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Nordic Irish Studies Style Sheet

Articles should be between 5000-7000 words in length, including notes. They should be double-spaced and written in Times New Roman, size 12.  

An abstract of ca. 200 words should be included, together with a list of five key terms.

Use single quotation marks for quotes of four lines or less, and double quotation marks for quotes within quotes. When a quotation is more than four lines it should be written as a separate paragraph and indented only on the left. Any quotation marks within a block quote should be single.

Commas and period marks should be placed after quotation marks. Exclamation and interrogation marks that are part of the quotation should be written before the quotation marks.

Ellipsis in a quotation is marked by three spaced periods, written in square brackets.

References are made by use of end notes. They should be indicated in superscript Arabic numerals in the main text, using the Word function to insert endnotes. The list of endnotes should be headed ‘Notes and References’.

The first time a reference is given it should observe the format used in the following examples:




Later references to cited sources should only include surname and page reference (e.g.: Leerssen 55). If more than one source by the same author is used then a key word/s from the title is given (e.g.: Ferris, ‘Narrating Cultural Encounter’ 292).

Titles of poems, short stories, articles should be written in single quotation marks. Titles of books and journals should be written in italics.

British English spelling is used. E.g.: realise, colour, programme.

Do not use an apostrophe to form the plural of an abbreviation or a number. E.g.: PhDs, 1990s. To form the possessive of any singular proper noun add an apostrophe and an s. E.g.: Yeats’s.

Avoid overuse of abbreviations. Use abbreviations for names of states in bibliographic references; ed. for editor; trans. for translator; rpt. for reprint. Do not use full stops for contractions. E.g: Mr, Mrs, UVF, IRA. Do not abbreviate University Press. For other common scholarly abbreviations and references please check MLA.

In general do not use hyphens after prefixes. E.g.: anti-, un-, under-, re-, post-, non-, co-.
Use a hyphen before a capital letter (e.g.: post-Victorian), and when the hyphen adds a difference in meaning (e.g.: re-cover vs. recover).

Use italics instead of underlying whenever necessary. Avoid using italics for emphasis. In general italicise foreign words, except for commonly used foreign words, abbreviations and phrases, such as e.g., raison d’être, et al, ad hoc, hubris. Italicise words and letters that are referred to as words and letters.

In titles and subtitles capitalise the first and the last word, as well as nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, and subordinating conjunctions. For capitalisation of titles in languages other than English check MLA.


Nordic Irish Studies Network